This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate. The earthquake, which occurred on the northernmost strand of the North Anatolian fault system, struck just after 3:00 am local time. A report on the Turkish Izmit Earthquake in August 1999 and a report from the city of Adapazari on its reconstruction and relocation in the years since the disaster. The source mechanism is purely strike-slip faulting on a vertical E-W fault [Barka, 1999; Tu¨ysu¨z and Genc, 1999; C¸emen et al., 2000]. [6] Major earthquakes in Turkey result mainly from slip along the NAFZ or the East Anatolian Fault. In total, rescue teams from twelve countries assisted in the rescue effort. (17 August 1999 İzmit earthquake) p. 41 (The Mw 7.4 İzmit earthquake occurred on Aug. 17, 1999 at 3:02 a.m. local time, in the Eastern Marmara region, northwestern Turkey; epicenter was at 40.745⁰N and 29.96⁰E, several km. Now Playing: {{itm.title}} At around 3 o'clock in the morning of Saturday August 14, Kanieh Topal woke in her three-storey apartment block in the western suburbs of Izmit to hear a strange sound. İzmit earthquake of 1999— also called  Kocaeli earthquake  or  Gölcük earthquake        devastating earthquake that struck near the city of İzmit in northwestern Turkey on Aug. 17, 1999. Some Islamic leaders in Turkey gave a very important speech in the summer of 1999, during which they talked about the earthquake that happened in Turkey. A massive international response was mounted to assist in digging for survivors and assisting the wounded and homeless. It happened at around 3:02am local time. However, earlier earthquakes in 1719, 1754, 1878, and 1894 occurred in the Gulf of Izmit . “It’s actually quite difficult to explain how one’s life can be turned upside down within a matter of seconds. [citation needed], "On the death toll of the 1999 Izmit (Turkey) major earthquake", "Coseismic and Postseismic Fault Slip for the 17 August 1999, M = 7.5, Izmit, Turkey Earthquake", "How Fast is Rupture During an Earthquake ? Corrections? Thousands of people were killed, and large parts of a number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed. Date: circa 1906 Damage ranged from spalling concrete to total deck collapse. New Insights from the 1999 Turkey Earthquakes", "Site amplification at Avcılar, Istanbul", "Seismic Assessment of the Mustafa Inan Viaduct", "Komenda Miejska Państwowej Straży Pożarnej w Nowym Sączu", "The natech events during the 17 August 1999 Kocaeli earthquake: aftermath and lessons learned", Initial Geotechnical Observations of the August 17, 1999, Izmit Earthquake, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1999_İzmit_earthquake&oldid=997009883, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 16:23. The fire spread over the next few days, warranting the evacuation of the area within three miles of the refinery. Tuesday, August 17, 1999 Published at 06:44 GMT 07:44 UK World: Europe Earthquake rocks Turkey Buildings have been flattened in several cities Turkish rescue workers are searching the rubble of collapsed buildings after a powerful earthquake hit the densely populated north-west of the country early on Tuesday morning. [citation needed] India also assisted by providing 32,000 tents and 2 million rupees to help in the reconstruction process. Laboratory and theoretical studies suggest that earthquakes are preceded by a phase of developing slip instability in which the fault slips slowly before accelerating to dynamic rupture. 1999-08-17 00:01:39 (UTC) | 40.748°N 29.864°E | 17.0 km depth It was followed by two moderate aftershocks on August 19, about 50 miles (80 km) west of the original epicentre. Transcript for Aug. 17, 1999: Earthquake in Turkey. Thousands of people were killed, and large parts of a number of mid sized towns and… … An EQE Briefing—1999 Izmit, Turkey Earthquake (M7.4) GENERAL OVERVIEW A 45-second earthquake of Richter magnitude 7.4 (M7.4) occurred in Turkey on Tuesday, August 17, 1999 at 3:01 a.m. local time. The immediate support offered by Greece led to a thaw in the often-contentious relationship between the two neighbouring countries. Aircraft were called in to douse the flames with foam. The earthquake also caused considerable damage in Istanbul, about 70 kilometres (43 mi) away from the earthquake's epicenter. Scientists developed a computer model that predicted the deadly August 1999 Izmit earthquake in northern Turkey. Izmit, Turkey - houses a harbour 87 km southeast of Istanbul. [16], The U.K announced an immediate grant of £50,000 to help the Turkish Red Crescent, while the International Red Cross and Red Crescent pledged £4.5 million to help victims. The tsunami caused the deaths of 155 people.[13]. 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