Sep 23, 2019 - Italian heavy cruiser "Fiume" was a Zara class cruiser. Valiant, astonishingly,[12] scored with her first salvo. R.N. The commissions were primarily concerned with several fundamental concerns, including whether the ship should be armored or not, whether it would only use the Whitehead torpedoes or it would also carry towed torpedoes, the propulsion system and whether it would include a sailing rig or not, and the speed the ship should be capable of reaching. Sebenico returned to active service in 1893, alternating between sea duty with the training squadron and harbor service as a training ship for engine-room personnel. R.N. Through the 1870s, the Marinekommandant (Navy Commander) of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, Friedrich von Pöck, could not secure sufficient funding for construction of ironclad warships. They had a beam of 8.22 m (27 ft 0 in) and a draft of 4.1 m (13 ft 5 in). The design was prepared by Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, after a lengthy design process throughout the 1870s. [11], When the Second World War broke out, Gorizia, Zara, and Fiume[8] were organized into 1st Cruiser division, Pola serving as flagship for 2nd Cruiser Division. Training ship duties continued through the early 1910s. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. However, Zaras were eventually taken to task during the Battle of Cape Matapan. (as built) 16 × 100mm (3.9 in)/47 caliber (8x2) AA The Zara Class Heavy Cruisers (Zara, Fiume, Gorizia and Pola) were the most armored heavy cruisers built up to that time and even later, very few classes of cruisers equaled or exceeded the Zara in protection. Dibangun sebagai flagship artinya dia dibangun dengan bridge structure yang lebih bulky jika dibandingkan dengan saudaranya. Setting sail! guns, and one 37 mm gun. © Valve Corporation. Barrels for Italian Heavy Cruiser. [citation needed]. As a result, they saw very little active service, spending much of their careers in reserve. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Zara class cruiser on pronouncekiwi. Specifications for Zara class. [8], France immediately responded with a new heavy cruiser of her own, Algérie, which was a close match for the Zaras when she launched in 1934. [7] Sebenico was built to a slightly larger design in an attempt to rectify the earlier vessels' inability to meet the designed speed. Having no use for the vessels, the Italians immediately sold all three to ship breakers. Thus, the Zara-class heavy cruisers came into being, featuring vastly improved protection over the Trentos, equal firepower and at the cost of only slightly reduced mobility. The Zaras shared their main armament with the last of the three Trentos, the Bolzano. Although equipped with powerful armament, hits against them would likely penetrate the armour and knock the ships out of combat. Media in category "Zara class cruiser" The following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. The Zara class was a class of three torpedo cruisers built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy in the late 1870s and early 1880s; they were the first large torpedo-armed warships built by Austria-Hungary. guns and four 47 mm 44-cal. [18] During the blockade, Sebenico stopped and sank a Greek vessel trying to break the blockade. The Zaras almost doubled belt armour compared to the Trentos, with 150 mm in the main belt. The ship differed favorably from most contemporary counterparts by her good armor protection and overall well-balanced characteristics, but most of all, by her armament and speed. ZARA was the lead ship of 4 Zara class italian cruisers. SMS Zieten for the Imperial German Navy. A typical Washington design had 76 mm in its armour belt, and less on other areas of the ship. [10], The ships were modified extensively in an attempt to rectify their machinery problems. The Italian Zara Class of four heavy cruisers served during the Second World War. Pöck decided to await a report from then-Fregattenkapitän (Frigate Captain) Hermann von Spaun, the naval attache to Britain, who was observing British developments, including the construction of the torpedo gunboat HMS Vesuvius. The Zara class was a class of three torpedo cruisers built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy in the late 1870s and early 1880s; they were the first large torpedo-armed warships built by Austria-Hungary. #ShipTrivia RM Pola ( Zara-class Heavy Cruiser ) Pola adalah flags... hip dari Zara-class cruisers. All three ships had their propeller shafts lengthened, and their original bronze screws were replaced with larger steel propellers, though this did not improve performance. Andressen prepared three more designs, as seen in the table below. The weight limitation made it impossible to design a ship with those guns and armour able to stop shells of the same caliber. Sign in to disable ALL ads. The British battleships quickly sank all three Italian cruisers and two of their escorting destroyers in a one-sided gunfight, the only reaction being the aimless fire of a 40mm AA cannon from the already wrecked Zara. They argued that an attempt to build what they described as a "universal battle-ship" (i.e., the Schiffbau-Kommission's first proposal) was ill-advised, since torpedoes were still in the developmental phase and a vessel of that type would be expensive and risky, considering the limited budgets of the time. 3D model. This new cruiser would become the Zara class. [3] She was joined by Fiume, laid down at Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino on 29 April 1929, launched 27 April 1930, and completed 23 November 1931; Pola at OTO Livorno, laid 17 March 1931, launched 5 December 1931, and completed 21 December 1931;[3] and Gorizia, launched 28 December 1930 at OTO Livorno. Three Royal Navy battleships (the Queen Elizabeth-class sisters Barham, Valiant, and Warspite), plus many supporting units, were able to approach them closely at night — the lack of radar on Zaras making them unaware of their approach. Cruiser Zara-class, Pola type. In January 1877, The Trentos had been designed to the limitations of the Washington Naval Treaty, which stated that cruisers had to be 10,000 tons or less, and armed with 8-inch (200 mm) guns or smaller. [19] Zara was stationed in Cattaro Bay and Sebenico protected the harbor of her namesake city, while Spalato provided local defense outside Pola. [8] Zara and Spalato displaced 833 long tons (846 t), while Sebenico was slightly heavier, at 882.6 long tons (896.8 t). guns, two 37 mm 23-cal. ZARA/FIUME Delphis Models 1:700 DM01 . gun and two 25 mm (0.98 in) Nordenfelt guns. Zara-class heavy cruiser, Zara! Sortieing! [11][15] In 1917, Zara's armament consisted of two 6.6 cm guns, four 47 mm 33-cal. The solution was a new design, one combining the armament of the Trentos with the armour needed to protect them from similar French designs. Gorizia was sunk 26 June 1944 at her moorings in La Spezia,[8] in yet another twist of fate by Italian manned torpedoes, after the Italians joined the Allies. After the war, they were seized as war prizes by the Allies and awarded to Italy in 1920; all were broken up immediately thereafter. The engines drove a pair of bronze screws that were 2.74 m (9 ft 0 in) in diameter. Pola (1941) - (actual Zara class … In March 1872, the Torpedoversuchs-Kommission (Torpedo Testing Commission) recommended to Pöck that a new warship should be built to use the Whitehead torpedo that had been developed in Austria-Hungary in the 1860s. The others ships were called FIUME, GORIZIA and POLA. To supplement their steam engines, each vessel had an auxiliary sailing barquentine rig with two masts and a sail area of 275.6 m2 (2,967 sq ft). 1 Basic 2 Upgrade 3 Second Upgrade 4 Quotes 4.1 Hourly Notifications (Kai) 4.2 Seasonal Quotes 5 Notes 6 Trivia 7 CG 8 See Also Zara Zara Class Heavy Cruiser Statistics HP 42 (44) Firepower 36 (58) Armor 36 (54) Torpedo 0 (28) Evasion 33 (59) AA 18 (62) Aircraft 6 ASW 0 Speed Fast LOS 10 (36) Range Long Luck 10 (48) Resource Consumption Fuel 45 Ammo 60 Build Time … Turrets and barbettes were as well protected by over 100 mm armour. Intended to reach a speed of at least 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph), none of the vessels were able to steam that fast. Zara — Italian Tier VII cruiser.. During the pre-war period, she was one of the best heavy cruisers in the world. [3] In 1937, the aft 100 mm mounts were replaced by 37 mm/54 caliber Bredas[10] more useful for close defense, and in 1940, the 40 mm Vickers were replaced by 37 mm Bredas, also. [9][11] Between 1898 and 1901, all four ships were re-boilered. Sebenico received the most radical alteration; her stern was lengthened slightly to allow for finer hull lines, which would improve her hydrodynamic shape, though this too failed to provide a significantly higher speed. Spalato reached a speed of 12.63 knots (23.39 km/h; 14.53 mph) from 1,370 PS (1,350 ihp), while Sebenico made 12.81 knots (23.72 km/h; 14.74 mph) from 1,598 PS (1,576 ihp). They were too slow to be used as fleet scouts or flotilla leaders, and their gun armament was too weak for them to be able to protect torpedo boats from torpedo-boat destroyers. All three ships were seized as war prizes by the victorious Allied powers after the war in 1918, and all three were awarded to Italy in 1920. This was particularly important as Italy's battleships were obsolete, and the new cruisers were needed to lead the Italian fleet. [5] The guns had a high muzzle velocity of 939 m/s (3,080 ft/s) with a 125 kg (275 lb) AP shell,[5] allowing Zaras to engage equals at a very long 34,400 yards (31,500 m) at 45 elevation. All three Zara-class ships were protected with a thin 19 mm (0.75 in) armored deck. Sebenico served in a variety of auxiliary roles over the following five years, before joining Spalato in the artillery school in 1903; the three ships served in their training roles until the outbreak of World War I in July 1914, at which point they became guard ships. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. [citation needed] Four ships of the class were completed, Zara, Fiume, Pola and Gorizia, all of which saw extensive service during the war. The Genova-class was a class of Italian Heavy Cruiser, compromising 2 ships, the Regina Marina Genova, and the Spanish Galicia. May 8, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Winston Gould. Fiume Heavy Cruiser, Zara Class Tauro Model 1:400 201 + Actions Stash. Fleet, ahead full! All three ships were sold to the RAN (Royal Australian Navy), Phaeton was renamed Sydney in 1939, Amphion was renamed Perth and Apollo Hobart after a few years of British service under their launch names. One odd feature was the aircraft catapult on the bow, which made it impossible to prepare for launch while firing, perhaps a minor consideration. Designed with a sophisticated armament, good survivability, and competitive speed, she was among the most advanced heavy cruisers in service at … Romako took over the design process in 1878, and prepared the design for Zara, construction of which began on 1 August that year. (1940) 14x100mm (6x2, 2x1)[4] Almost no other cruisers were equipped with two armoured decks and two armoured belts. Later she was able to reach La Spezia, but the damage to the mid-ship was heavy, with almost all the structures over the armor belt devastated and a 100 mm (3.9 in) turret thrown into the sea. guns, along with her two bow torpedo tubes. With these traits together, Bolzano cut through the waves at a top spee… Romako based his design on the German Zieten, though the German vessel was significantly faster than the Zara class, in part owing to the fact that Zieten had a longer, finer hull and was more lightly built. ザラ級重巡、ザラ! 抜錨します! 艦隊前に、行きます! Joining the Fleet Play: Tenaciously! Quite the same Wikipedia. Pöck decided that the new vessel should incorporate the twin-screw, 15-knot requirement from the Schiffbau-Kommission proposal. [citation needed] Four ships of the class were completed, Zara, Fiume, Pola and Gorizia, all of which saw extensive service during the war. gun, two 15 cm (5.9 in) 26-cal. He also reported on the construction and sea trials of the British-built torpedo-aviso There had been a move to design a 15,000-ton cruiser, but this was not possible because of treaty restrictions. Zara class cruiser (Austria-Hungary), a class of four torpedo cruisers built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy in he late 1870s and early 1880s; all four ships remained in use (though not as cruisers) through the end of World War I; Zara class cruiser (Italy), a class of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1930s [4], On 26 March, Pöck held a meeting to discuss the proposals. [10], The ships' propulsion system consisted of a pair of two-cylinder vertical compound steam engines, with steam provided by five coal-fired, cylindrical fire-tube boilers. The Austro-Hungarian Navy and its primary opponent, the Italian Navy, both adopted cautious strategies, since neither wanted to risk its fleet in the narrow waters of the Adriatic Sea, where naval mines and fast, torpedo-armed craft could operate effectively. In that year, her armour had the only opportunity to display its effectiveness, when this ship was hit by three bombs, launched by American bombers, but the main deck resisted them all and the ship continued to fire against the high-flying bombers. By the 1890s, they were reactivated for training ship duties, and in 1897 Sebenico took part in an international naval demonstration off Crete, where she sank a Greek blockade runner. In addition, the engines and boilers used in Zara and her sister ships could not tolerate as high a pressure as those in Zieten, and their boilers consumed coal excessively. The Artillerie-Kommission proposed a smaller design with sufficient armor and a high speed but no guns. After repairs were effected, she joined the harbor defense at Pola. (1937) 8x37mm/54 caliber Breda[6]. The gun layout was identical, but it adopted the improved, high-caliber 203mm gun of the Zaras. [8] During this part of the war, the Zaras were a serious problem for the Royal Navy, which had nothing comparable in the Mediterranean Sea, and were seriously outgunned by them during the inconclusive Battle of Calabria and Battle of Cape Spartivento. Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, pointed out that such a vessel would have to be very large to allow it to reach high enough speeds for it to be able to use torpedoes effectively. [8], Zara was laid down at OTO Muggiano 4 July 1929,[3] launched 27 April 1930,[3] and commissioned 21 October 1931. The removal of the superstructure made placement of radar difficult, and in the end none of the class would ever carry one. They also created an alternate proposal for a smaller, unarmored ship with just two to four light guns, in the event that their preferred vessel could not reach the desired speed. While originally commissioned by Spain in 1927 to revitalize its ageing pre-dreadnought fleet, the resulting design was eventually ordered by Italy as well as a one-off heavy cruiser that would later inspire the Udine-class. Just better. Ironically, at beginning of 1941, a modest British attack, at night, over Naples hit Zara. The changes made to Sebenico during construction were meant to address the problem, but she was unable to reach her design speed either. On 15 January 1875, the Artillerie-Kommission (Artillery Commission) and the Schiffbau-Kommission (Shipbuilding Commission) met to begin the process of designing a torpedo-armed warship. [2][3], The Schiffbau-Kommission recommended building a ship with heavy armor to protect it from enemy fire, one or two 10-centimeter (3.9 in) guns in the bow, deck-mounted launchers for the Whitehead torpedoes, and towed torpedoes to be used defensively against ramming. A suggestion was made to await developments in torpedo technology and to incorporate the weapons into the next ironclad that they could secure funding from Parliament to build. In the meantime, Spaun made his report on British naval activities, which included the completion of Vesuvius and the introduction of twin-screw propulsion. In 1897, Spalato became assigned to the artillery school, while Zara was recommissioned for use in the torpedo school. After Pola (in company with Fiume and Zara, serving as escort to the battleship Vittorio Veneto) was hit by a torpedo from a TSR Swordfish from Formidable, which stopped her, the rest of the 1st Division (at this time Gorizia was in reserve) ran in to protect her. Pöck pointed out that the ship should not include heavy guns, and that two 12 cm (4.7 in) guns without armor would be sufficient; the only armor the ship was to have was a curved protective deck. Background on Zara Class Cruisers. guns, four 47 mm 44-cal. These thicknesses were reasonably good against destroyer and light cruiser weapons (typically between 5 in {127 mm} and 6 in {150 mm}), but insufficient against the 120 kg shells that 203 mm fired, capable of piercing even 150 mm at medium range. This scheme followed, in fact, not quite a cruiser layout, but that of a small battleship. RM Pola ( Zara-class Heavy Cruiser ) Pola adalah flagship dari Zara-class cruisers. The Zara-class cruisers were developed to meet an Italian Navy requirement for a more heavily armoured class of cruisers than the previous fast, but lightly armoured Trento-class. [5], Pöck rejected all of Andressen's proposals, since none of them incorporated the characteristics specified in the March 1875 meeting. 1 Basic 2 Upgrade 3 Quotes 3.1 Hourly Notifications (Kai) 3.2 Seasonal Quotes 4 Character 4.1 Personality 4.2 Appearance 5 Notes 5.1 Trivia 6 CG 7 See Also Pola Zara Class Heavy Cruiser Statistics HP 42 (44) Firepower 35 (59) Armor 35 (53) Torpedo 0 (32) Evasion 32 (58) AA 16 (64) Aircraft 6 ASW 0 Speed Fast LOS 9 (35) Range Long Luck 9 (49) Resource Consumption Fuel … They were equipped with the 203 mm/L53 (8 in) guns of 25 tonnes each[5] and were fitted in pairs in Ansaldo turrets. 199x | New tool + Actions Stash. However, they carried enough armor to resist these weapons, featuring a belt that was 5.9″ thick. Despite the lengthy design process, the ships proved to be failures in service, primarily as a result of their low speed. [6] As a result of her different hull, Sebenico is sometimes not included in the Zara class. On 30 January, Shipbuilding Engineer Andressen began working on the projet, which at that time included a pair of 24 cm (9.4 in) guns in an armored casemate. Trentos had sacrificed armor for speed, allowing them to make high-speed dashes up and down the long Italian coastline, which would otherwise be difficult to defend from Italy's widely separated naval bases. Several other innovations, such as more powerful boilers improved Bolzano’s design. In addition to the primary armour scheme, there was secondary armour: the upper deck was 20mm, and the flank hull above main belt was 30 mm. Dibangun sebagai flagship artinya dia dibangun dengan bridge structure yang lebih bulky jika dibandingkan dengan saudaranya. [5] The result was excellent watertight integrity and protection.[9]. That's it. gun, and two 37 mm (1.5 in) guns; two of the 9 cm guns were removed to make room. All trademarks are property of their respective owners in the US and other countries. [13] In 1897, Spalato received a wide variety of guns so she could be used with the artillery training school. However, overall anti-aircraft performance was not good, due to the slow tracking process and an inadequate fire control system, although the weapons were acceptable. Alternatively, if submerged tubes could not be made to work on the broad side, the ship should include two deck-mounted launchers with at least five torpedoes apiece, four heavy guns, and a speed sufficient just to keep pace with the ironclads of the main fleet. guns, one 47 mm 44-cal. Zara-class cruiser may refer to:. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Zara-class_cruiser?oldid=4443710, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. The ship would be capable of a speed of at least 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) from a twin-screw propulsion system, and it would not be equipped with a sailing rig. Sebenico was withdrawn from guard duties in 1918 and assigned to the torpedo school. The Piaggio P.6bis originally carried was later replaced by M.41s, CANT 25ARs, MF6s, and in 1938, by Ro.43s. In general, in order to be effective, armour should be roughly the same thickness as the diameter of the shells fired against it. While the cruisers of the Trento class were fast and well armed, they were very weakly protected. She was 64.91 m (213 ft 0 in) overall and 57.2 m (188 ft) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 8.24 m (27 ft 0 in) and a draft of 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in). The main deck was also very thick, 70 mm. The Zara-class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the early 1930s, considered by many to be one of the best cruiser designs of World War II. Sign in to disable ALL ads. Gorizia survived until she was taken over by the Germans after Italy left the war in 1943. Detail and Conversion sets. The class comprised the vessels Zara, Fiume, Gorizia, and Pola, the last of which was completed to a slightly different design. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Zara-class cruiser (Italy) on pronouncekiwi. Zara-class cruiser (1879). [3] This additional armour would have made the ships decidedly nose-heavy, so to offset this the rear of the ship was raised by one deck behind the front funnel. Los cruceros pesados de la Clase Zara fueron una clase de cruceros construidos para la Regia Marina Italiana, entre finales de los años 20 y principio de los 30.Fueron considerados como uno de los mejores tipos de su categoría y diseño. The class comprised three ships, Zara, Spalato, and Sebenico; the last vessel was built to a slightly different design, and is sometimes not counted as a member of the class. Select Language Site search Donate Site search Donate Two of the Class, the Zara and Pola, appeared in the alternate history Japanese anime Strike Witches 2 episode "Higher than the Sky". The launchers would be supplied with six torpedoes each. (as built) 4 × 40mm/39 caliber Vickers-Terni Model 1915 (4x1)[5] AA The Zaras were essentially an improved Trento class tasked with dealing with the latest French designs. All rights reserved. The design was prepared by Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, after a leng… Zara and Spalato were also armed with four torpedo tubes. [16], Owing to their poor performance and slow speed, the Zara-class cruisers did not see significant service with the fleet. The torpedo tubes were located singly, two in the bow and at either beam in deck-mounted launchers. Unable to increase the strength of the ironclad fleet, Pöck turned to less expensive means to defend Austria-Hungary's coastline, including development of naval mines and self-propelled torpedoes. Extras such as a high superstructure and torpedo tubes were removed in an effort to save weight, but in the end the ships ended up considerably "overweight" anyway. To install click the Add extension button. Discover (and save!) Despite arriving after the construction of the Zara class, Bolzano’s structure was nearly identical to the Trento Class cruisers. Formaban esta clase los buques: Zara… [12], All three ships received several 47 mm (1.9 in) guns in the mid-1880s; these included a Hotchkiss revolver cannon on their bows and four single-barrel quick-firing guns. The ships were recreated in detail with CGI animation technology. Zara-class heavy cruiser "Zara", weigh anchor! The meeting concluded with the consensus that the new vessel should be built as a purely torpedo-armed vessel, with no armor and no heavy guns. The Zara-class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the early 1930s, considered by many to be one of the best cruiser designs of World War II. guns in single mounts, along with one 7 cm (2.8 in) 15-cal. [9][10], The ships' gun armament consisted of four 9-centimeter (3.5 in) 24-caliber (cal.) You could also do … There were only two 113 kg (250 lb) bombs, launched at low altitude, but they pierced the hull and almost sank the ship. The secondary armament was superior as well, compared to the standard of those times: sixteen Škoda Model 1910[5] 100 mm/L50 guns were fitted in eight dual turrets, four on each side, again following a scheme similar to a small battleship. On trials, Zara reached a speed of 14.29 knots (26.47 km/h; 16.44 mph) from 1,800 metric horsepower (1,800 ihp), by far the fastest member of the class, though still below her design speed. In the meantime, Pöck ordered the first torpedo boat, Torpedoboot I, from Britain that year, followed by five more from Britain and four more from domestic shipyards thereafter. All four ships of the class saw completion by late 1932 and subsequently entered service with the Italian Navy. 19 mm ( 1.5 in ) 26-cal to lead the Italian Navy by Ro.43s to! Construction began in the World from guard duties in 1918 and assigned the. Category `` Zara '', weigh anchor having no use for the WIKI extension... British attack, at beginning of 1941, a modest British attack, at night, over Naples hit.. During construction were meant to address the problem, but with speed sacrificed improve. Become the Zara class of four heavy cruisers, the Bolzano cruiser ) Pola adalah flagship dari Zara-class cruisers of... 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Saw no action during the Second World War single mounts, along with her two torpedo... He also reported on the Trento, but none saw action ) 15-cal armoured and. 1930S, the Regina Marina Genova, and less on other areas of the class would ever one. Armour and knock the ships ' gun armament consisted of four heavy cruisers served the. Three more designs, as seen in the bow and at either beam in deck-mounted launchers trademarks are of! Rectify their machinery problems 135 enlisted men immediately sold all three Zara-class were! The … # ShipTrivia rm Pola ( Zara-class heavy cruiser, Zara 's consisted! As guard ships, the ships ' gun armament consisted of four heavy cruisers in the bow and at beam! Guard ships, the ships saw no action during the War, Owing to their poor performance slow! East African Campaign, B… this new cruiser would become the Zara class ships called! The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the best heavy cruisers the!

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